INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING / KUK / TEN YEAR / QUESTION PAPER

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INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (ME-3O7 E)

TIME: THREE HOURS                                                                                                        MAXIMUM MARKS: 1OO
NOTE: - ATTEMPT ANY FIVE QUESTIONS.

1. (A) DISCUSS THE CONTRIBUTION OF I {.L. GANTT AND FRANK B. GILBRETH MADE IN MANAGEMENT THOUGHTS.

(B) DISCUSS BRIEFLY THE FUNCTIONS OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND THE ROLE IT CAN PLAY IN RAISING INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTIVITY. (10+10)

2. (A) DISCUSS THE METHOD OF TIME SERIES ANALYSIS FOR SALES FORECASTING. GIVE ITS ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES. (8)

(B) A MANUFACTURER OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS FINDS THAT THE SEMI ANNUAL SALES OF ONE OF HIS PRODUCTS DURING THE PAST FOUR YEARS HAVE BEEN AS FOLLOWS:
USING TIME SERIES ANALYSIS OF THIS DATA OBTAIN A SEASONALLY ADJUSTED FORECAST FOR SEMI ANNUAL SALES DURING THE FIFTH AND SIX YEARS. (12)

3. (A). EXPLAIN THE VARIOUS COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH INVENTORY. (5)

(B). A MANUFACTURER REQUIRES RIVETS AT AN APPROXIMATELY CONSTANT RATE OF 2500 KGS PER YEAR. THE COST OF RIVETS IS RS. 40 PER KG. THE COMPANY'S PURCHASE MANAGER ESTIMATES THAT THE CARRYING COST OF INVENTORY 10% PER YEAR. PROCUREMENT COST IS RS. 20O PER ORDER:-

(I). HOW FREQUENTLY SHOULD ORDERS FOR RIVETS BE PLACED AND WHAT QUANTITIES SHOULD BE ORDERED? ALSO CALCULATE TOTAL COST OF INVENTORY.

(II). IF THE ORDERING COST IS RS. 4TO PER ORDER AND 15% IS THE CARRYING COST, HOW WOULD THE OPTIMAL POLICY CHANGE? HOW MUCH IS THE LOSS PER YEARS BECAUSE OF IMPERFECT COST INFORMATION? (15)

4. (A). DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN CONTROL CHARTS FOR ATTRIBUTES AND CONTROL CHARTS FOR VARIABLES. (7)

(B). DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN SAMPLING INSPECTION AND IOO% INSPECTION. (7)

(C). EXPLAIN THE OPERATING CHARACTERISTIC CURVE. (6)

5. (A). WHAT IS MEANT BY BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS? WHAT ARE THE ASSUMPTIONS OF BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS?

(B). THE DATA OF AN INDUSTRIAL UNIT IS AS FOLLOWS: (8+12)

FIXED COST OF ASSETS= RS. 24OOO
VARIABLE COST= RS. 64000
SALES PRICE/UNIT= RS. 10
CONTRIBUTION FOR 8000 UNITS = RS. 16000
(I). WHAT IS THE SALES VOLUME FOR BREAK EVEN?
(II). WHAT SHOULD BE SELLING PRICE IF THE BREAK EVEN QUANTITY IS TO BE BROUGHT DOWN TO I0000 UNITS?

6. (A). EXPLAIN THE FUNCTION OF PRODUCTION CONTROL DEPARTMENT. (8)

(B). WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY DISPATCHING? GIVE ITS FUNCTIONS AND EXPLAIN THE DISPATCHING PROCEDURE FOR ANY INDUSTRY. (12)

7. (A). EXPLAIN THE DIFFERENT METHODS OF ALLOCATING OVERHEAD EXPENSES. (10)

(B). EXPLAIN THE METHODS OF DETERMINING DEPRECIATION COSTS. (10)

8. WRITE SHORT NOTES ON ANY FOUR:
(A). BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS (B). ABC ANALYSIS OF INVENTORY CONTROL (C). CRUSHING OF NETWORK (D). FLOATS AND SLACKS (E). PERT AND CPM. (4X5=20)


INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (ME-3O7E)

TIME: THREE HOURS                                                                                                         MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
NOTE: - ATTEMPT ANY FIVE QUESTIONS.

1. (A). WHAT IS "METHOD STUDY”? WHAT ARE ITS OBJECTIVES? HOW WILL YOU DETERMINE THE AREAS THAT REQUIRE METHOD STUDY APPLICATION IN AN INDUSTRY? (11)
(B). DISCUSS THE PRINCIPLES OF MOTION ECONOMY. HOW THESE ARE RELATED TO "DESIGN OF TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT”? (9)
2. (A). DEFINE STANDARD TIME OF AN OPERATION. LIST ITS VARIOUS USES. DISCUSS THE VARIOUS
ALLOWANCES WHICH ARE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT WHILE CALCULATING STANDARD TIME. (11)
(B). DISTINGUISH BETWEEN STANDARDIZATION AND SIMPLIFICATION. OUTLINE THE DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES OF WORK MEASUREMENT. (9)
3. (A). WHAT ARE THE OBJECTIVES OF AN ORGANIZATION? DISCUSS THE IMPORTANCE AND PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATION. (12)
(B). COMPARE LINE AND STAFF ORGANIZATIONS. DISCUSS THEIR SUITABILITY. (8)
4. (A). DISCUSS BRIEFLY THE FUNCTIONS OF PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL. DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN LOADING AND SCHEDULING. (11)
(B). COMPARE AND DISCUSS THE FUNCTIONING OF CENTRALIZED AND DECENTRALIZED DISPATCHING IN A TOY MANUFACTURING PLANT. (9)
5. (A) WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF SALES FORECASTING?
EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING:
(I) METHOD OF LEAST SQUARES
(II) MOVING AVERAGE METHOD (10)
(B) A FIRM PRODUCING PAINTS PLANS TO USE SIMPLE EXPONENTIAL SMOOTHING TO FORECAST WEEKLY DEMAND AND HAS COLLECTED DATA FOR 15 WEEKS AS SHOWN BELOW:

USING THE 15 WEEK MOVING AVERAGE, DETERMINE THE EXPONENTIAL SMOOTHING FORECAST FOR THE 16TH WEEK. (10)
6. (A). WHAT ARE THE OBJECTIVES OF INVENTORY CONTROL? WHAT TYPE OF COST HAS TO BE CONSIDERED IN CONTROLLING INVENTORY? (8)
(B) WHAT IS ECONOMIC LOT SIZE? DEVELOP FOR ECONOMIC LOT SIZE WHEN THERE IS ZERO LEAD TIME. (12)
7. (A). "VALUE ENGINEERING IS A POWERFUL COST REDUCTION TOOL". JUSTIFY. (10)
(B). DEFINE STANDARDIZATION SPECIALIZATION, SIMPLIFICATION AND DIVERSIFICATION. DISCUSS THE FACTORS WHICH AFFECT SIMPLIFICATION AND DIVERSIFICATION. (10)
8. WRITE NOTES ON ANY THREE OF THE FOLLOWING:-
(I) WAGES AND INCENTIVES
(II) SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
(III) JIT
(IV) MRP. (20)


INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (PAPER: ME-3O7E)

TIME: THREE HOURS                                                                                                         MAXIMUM MARKS: L00
NOTE: - ATTEMPT ANY FIVE QUESTIONS.

1. (A). DEFINE INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND DISCUSS ITS FUNCTIONS. (10)
(B) WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF PLANT LOCATION? DISCUSS IN DETAIL THE FACTORS WHICH SHOULD BE CONSIDERED IN SELECTING A SITE FOR AN INDUSTRIAL PLANT. (10)
2. (A) ENLIST THE METHODS OF SALES FORECASTING. DISCUSS THE METHOD OF TIME SERIES ANALYSIS FOR SALES FORECASTING. GIVE ITS ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES. (8)
(B) A WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTOR FINDS THAT THE NUMBER OF ONE OF HIS PRODUCTS SOLD DURING POST SEVEN YEARS IS RELATED TO AN ECONOMIC INDEX AND THE DATA IS AS FOLLOWS:



(I) DETERMINE THE EQUATION OF THE LEAST SQUARES LINE THAT GIVES THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE ECONOMIC INDEX AND SALES.
(II). DETERMINE THE COEFFICIENT OF CORRELATION BETWEEN THE TWO. (12)
3. (A) DISCUSS THE COST FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH INVENTORY CONTROL. (8)
(B) A HARDWARE STORE PRODUCES AND SELLS HARDWARE ITEMS. FOLLOWING INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE: - (12)
EXPECTED ANNUAL SALES = 8000 UNITS
ORDERING COST = RS. 18O PER ORDER
HOLDING COST = 10% OF AVERAGE INVENTORY VALUE.
THE ITEMS CAN BE PURCHASED IN THE FOLLOWING SCHEDULE:

YOU ARE REQUIRED TO DETERMINE THE ORDER SIZE.
4. (A) THE BALLS FOR BALL BEARINGS ARE INSPECTED BY ATTRIBUTES. A SAMPLE OF 100 INSPECTED DAILY CONTINUOUSLY TEN DAYS. THE SAMPLES ARE TAKEN RANDOMLY FROM THE DAILY PRODUCTION OF 1000 BALLS. COMPUTE THE CONTROL LIMITS FOR (I). P-CHART (II). NP CHART. (10)

THE OBSERVATIONS ARE AS FOLLOWS:


(B). WRITE NOTES ON:
(I). CONSUMER'S RISK AND PRODUCER'S RISK
(II). SEQUENTIAL SAMPLING PLAN. (5X2=10)
5. (A). DISCUSS THE ELEMENTS OF PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT AND DESIGN. (10)
(B) DISCUSS THE ECONOMICS OF INTRODUCTION OF A NEW DESIGN IN PLACE OF PRESENT PRODUCTION. (10)
6. (A). DEFINE PRODUCTION, PLANNING AND CONTROL. ENLIST ITS OBJECTIVES AND DISCUSS UNDER DIFFERENT HEADS. (8)
(B). WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY DISPATCHING? GIVE ITS FUNCTIONS AND EXPLAIN THE DISPATCHING PROCEDURE FOR ANY INDUSTRY. (12)
7. (A) EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING:
(I). PRIME COST
(II). COSTING V/S ESTIMATING. (3X2=6)
(B) DRAW THE NETWORK OF THE PROJECT WITH THE FOLLOWING SITUATION:
(I). P IS PREREQUISITE OF S
(II). Q IS PREREQUISITE OF S AND T
(III) R IS PREREQUISITE OF T
(IV). S AND T ARE PREREQUISITE OF V. (8)
(C) DEFINE STOCK AND UPDATING. EXPLAIN THE VARIOUS TYPES OF FLOATS. (6)
8. WRITE NOTES ON ANY FOUR OF THE FOLLOWING:
(I). EFFECT OF INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND WORLD WAR-II ON MANUFACTURING TECHNIQUES.
(II). ABC ANALYSIS
(III). TYPES OF PRODUCTION
(IV). PURPOSE AND TYPES OF DEPRECIATION.
(V). BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS (5 X 4 =20)


INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (ME.3O7E)

TIME: THREE HOURS                                                                                                     MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
NOTE: - ATTEMPT ANY FIVE QUESTIONS.

1 (A) TRACE OUT THE EVOLUTION OF FACTORY SYSTEM IN ITS MODERN FORM. (10)
(B) DESCRIBE DIFFERENT PRINCIPLES OF PLANT LAYOUT. (10)
2. THE SALE OF A PRODUCT DURING LAST FIVE YEARS IS TABULATED BELOW CALCULATE:
(I). THE SALE IN THE YEAR 2003 AND 2004.
(II) COEFFICIENT OF CORRELATION
(III). STANDARD ERROR OF ESTIMATE AND GIVE ITS SIGNIFICANCE.
ASSUME A LINEAR FORECASTER.

3. EXPLAIN FACTORS AFFECTING INVENTORY LEVELS.
(A). DEFINE AND DESCRIBE IN BRIEF:
(I). MEAN
(II). MEDIAN
(III) MODE
(IV). RANGE (10)
(V). STANDARD DEVIATION
(B). DESCRIBE CONTROL CHARTS FOR VARIABLE. (10)
5. EXPLAIN TYPES OF PRODUCTION IN DETAIL. (20)
6. (A). EXPLAIN IN BRIEF VARIOUS METHODS OF ALLOCATING OVERHEAD EXPENSES. (10)
(B). THE FIXED COSTS FOR THE YEAR 2OO2-O3 ARE RS. 80,000. THE ESTIMATED SALES FOR THE PERIOD ARE VALUED AT RS. 2,00, 000. THE VARIABLE COST PER UNIT FOR THE SINGLE PRODUCT MADE IS RS. 4. IF EACH UNIT SELLS AT RS. 20, AND THE NUMBER OF UNITS INVOLVED COINCIDES WITH THE EXPECTED VOLUME OF OUTPUT, CONSTRUCT THE BREAKEVEN CHART. DETERMINE BREAKEVEN POINT ABOVE HOW MUCH UNITS, THE COMPANY SHOULD PRODUCE IN ORDER TO SEEK PROFIT. (10)
7. (A). DEFINE
(I). FORWARD AND BACKWARD PASS
(II). SLACK
(III). FLOAT (6)
(B). DIFFERENTIATE CPM AND PERT. (6)
(C) AN OLD CAR WAS PURCHASED FOR RS. 80,000. ITS LIFE WAS ESTIMATED AS TEN YEARS AND THE SCRAP VALUE AS RS. 30,000. USING THE REDUCING BALANCES METHOD, CALCULATE THE % DEPRECIATION RATE. ESTIMATE THE DEPRECIATION FUND AT THE END OF TWO YEARS. (8)
8. WRITE SHORT NOTES ON ANY THREE OF THE FOLLOWING: (2O)
(A). FIXED POSITION LAYOUT
(B). OC CURVE
(C). SCHEDULING
(D). AOQ

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