SYLLABUS SIXTH SEMESTER/KURUKSHETRA UNIVERSITY - REFRIGERATION & AIR CONDITIONING

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SYLLABUS - REFRIGERATION & AIR CONDITIONING
KURUKSHETRA UNIVERSITY
  
B. Tech (Sixth semester) Mechanical engineering
ME 302 E Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning
 Total Theory: 100 Marks        Sessional       : 50 marks             Duration of Exam: 03 hours

UNIT I
Basics of heat pump & refrigerator; Carnot’s refrigeration and heat pump; Units of refrigeration; COP of refrigerator and heat pump; Carnot’s COP; ICE refrigeration; evaporative refrigeration; refrigeration by expansion of air; refrigeration by throttling of gas; Vapor refrigeration system; steam jet refrigeration; Thermo electric cooling; adiabatic demagnetization.
Basic principles of operation of air refrigeration system, Bell-Coleman air refrigerator; advantages of using air-refrigeration in aircrafts; disadvantages of air refrigeration in comparison to other cold producing methods; simple air refrigeration in air craft; simple evaporative type air refrigeration in aircraft; necessity of cooling the aircraft.

UNIT II
Simple Vapor Compression Refrigeration System; different compression processes( wet compression, dry or dry and saturated compression, superheated compression); Limitations of vapour compression refrigeration system if used on reverse Carnot cycle; representation of theoretical and actual cycle on T-S and P-H charts; effects of operating conditions on the performance of the system; advantages of vapour compression system over air refrigeration system.
Methods of improving COP; flash chamber; flash inter cooler; optimum interstate pressure for two stage refrigeration system; single expansion and multi expansion processes; basic introduction of single load and multi load systems; Cascade systems.
Basic absorption system; COP and Maximum COP of the absorption system; actual NH3 absorption system; functions of various components; Li-Br absorption system; selection of refrigerant and absorbent pair in vapour absorption system; Electro refrigerator; Comparison of Compression and Absorption refrigeration systems; nomenclature of refrigerants; desirable properties of refrigerants; cold storage and ice-plants.

UNIT III
Difference in refrigeration and air conditioning; Psychometric properties of moist air (wet bulb, dry bulb, dew point temperature, relative and specific humidity of moist air, temperature of adiabatic saturation); empirical relation to calculate PV in moist air.
Psychometric chart, construction and use, mixing of two air streams; sensible heating and cooling; latent heating and cooling; humidification and dehumidification; cooling with dehumidification; cooling with adiabatic humidification; heating and humidification; by-pass factor of coil; sensible heat factor; ADP of cooing coil; Air washer

UNIT IV
Classification; factors affecting air conditioning systems; comfort air-conditioning system; winter air conditioning system; summer air-conditioning system; year round air conditioning. unitary air-conditioning system; central air conditioning system; room sensible heat factor; Grand sensible heat factor; effective room sensible heat factor.
Inside design conditions; comfort conditions; components of cooling loads; internal heat gains from (occupancy, lighting, appliances, product and processes); system heat gain (supply air duct, A.C. fan, return air duct); external heat gain (heat gain through building, solar heat gains through outside walls and roofs); solar air temperature; solar heat gain through glass areas; heat gain due to ventilation and infiltration.
Transport air conditioning; evaporative condensers, cooling towers; heat pumps.

References and Text books
·         Refrigeration and air-conditioning by C.P arora
·         Basic Refrigeration and air-conditioning by Annanthana and Rayanan, TMG
·         Refrigeration and air-conditioning BY Arora and Domkundwar, Dhanpat rai

4 comments:

  1. This is a wonderful site, with everything so well-described. Thank you for doing this!

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  2. thanks a lot for publishing the syllabus

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